Sri.Gangasingh ji Maharaja

Sri.Gangasingh ji Maharaja

Sri Gangasingh Maharaja

Sri Gangasingh Maharaja

Monday, April 16, 2007

Indira Gandhi Nahar Project

Indira Gandhi Nahar Project (IGNP) is one of the most gigantic projects in the world aiming to dedesertify and transform desert waste land into agriculturally productive area. The project objectives include drought proofing, providing drinking water, improvement of environment, afforestation, employment, rehabilitation, development and projection of animal wealth and increasing agricultural produce.

The project construction commenced in the year 1958. Though the project is only partially complete it has shown remarkable success.

Indira Gandhi Nahar Project was designed to utilise 9,367 Mm3/yr of the total 10,608 Mm3/yr allocated to Rajasthan from the surplus waters of the Ravi and Beas rivers. The construction of the project has been divided into two stages.

Stage I

Stage I consists of a 204 km long feeder canal, having a headworks discharge capacity of 460 m3/sec, which starts from Harike Barrage. 170 km of the feeder canal lie in Punjab and Haryana and 34 km in Rajasthan.

The entire system of stage-I consists of the 204 km long feeder canal, 189km long main canal and 3454 km long distribution system, is concrete lined, and serves 553 kha of culturable command area, out of which 46 kha are served by pumping to a 60 m lift, through four pumping stations.

In addition to irrigation and domestic water supply through this project , it has been proposed by the Rajasthan State Electricity Board (RSEB) to install a total of 12.76 MW of mini hydro electric power stations, to utilise the available water fall in the canal. One such power station, with an installed capacity of 2´2 MW has already started functioning at the Suratgarh branch of IGNP stage I.

Stage II

IGNP Stage II comprises construction of a 256 km long main canal and 5,606 km of a lined distribution system, and will serve 1,410 kha of CCA (873577 ha area in flow and 537018 ha under lift), utilising 4,930 Mm3/yr of water. The main canal in the entire length was completed in the year 1986.

Bikaner Canal (Gang Canal

The Gang Canal was constructed in 1920-26 as a part of the Sutlej Valley Project which was undertaken jointly by the Govt. of Punjab, the State of Bhawalpur and the State of Bikaner. The authorized full supply discharge of the Gang Canal was kept 2144 Cs.

Soon after the constrction of Bikaner Canal was started, it was felt that some additional supplies would be available during Kharif period and therefore two non-perennial channels were added. The authorised full supply discharge of canal was increased to 2720 Cs.

After partition the Sutlej valley component was completely omitted in calculating the share to be delivered to Pakistan and as such some additional quantity of water became available for utilisation in Indian Canals i.e. Bikaner canal and Eastern Canal.

In 1960 the Indo Pakistan Treaty came into force and according to this treaty,the share of Pakistan Canals to be delivered below Ferozepur included the Sutlej component also . The Gang Canal was therefore reduced to its pre partition allocation only.

Thus after the signing of Indus Treaty, the Sutlej component which consisted mainly of losses and gains between Ropar and Ferozepur was included in the distributable pool and was no longer available to Gang Canal.

The Gang Canal (AFSQ 2720 Cs. Perennial) was getting supplies from Ferozepur Headworks upto 1955. After the construction of Harike Barrage during 1955, the Bikaner Canal is getting supplies partially through Ferozepur Headworks and through Ferozpur Feeder. The Bikaner Canal has its pre partition share of 1.11 MAF annually.

2- Indira Gandhi Nehar Feeder (Rajastan Feeder) After the construction of Harike Barrage, Rajasthan is getting its Ravi Beas waters through Indira Gandhi Feeder (which started irrigation on a non perennial basis in 1961 and such irrigation has been gradually increasing as more areas are brought under command) having full supply discharge of 18500 Cs.

As per 1981 agreement, Rajasthan is entitled to use 8.0 MAF out of surplus Ravi Beas waters against 8.60 MAF share quota. Now Rajasthan is in a position to use its full share 8.6 MAF, the matter has been taken up with the Punjab authorities as well as with BBMB, for restoring its 0.6 MAF water presently being utilised by Punjab.

Gang Canal Project

Gang Canal is one of the oldest irrigation systems in Rajasthan, completed in the year 1928, to serve the north-western part of Ganganagar District.

Gang Canal starts from Sutlej river near Harike, downstream of the confluence of River Beas, in Punjab, and conveys into Rajasthan some 1,780 Mm3/yr, serving an area of 308 kha. The length of the Feeder Canal, from Harike to Rajasthan border, is 112 km. The headworks discharge capacity of the Canal is 77 m3/sec. The total length of the Canal system, including the feeder canal is 1,363 km. The canal was originally lined with lime concrete, but with the passage of time the lining has deteriorated, and at present a modernisation program is in progress to improve the utilisation of the available water.

Sunday, April 15, 2007

The soulful voice

[] By: Poonam Deviah His voice has the depth and the pain that just cuts across the heart and leaves a lasting impression. It is then no wonder that he is called the 'King of Ghazals.' Jagjit Singh today is the undisputed and most popular of Indian Ghazal singers. His was a relentless struggle with a lot of ups and downs. Born in Rajasthan on the 8th of February1941, he did his schooling from Khalsa High School, SriGanganagar. He passed his Inter in Science stream from Government College, Sri Ganganagar. He graduated in the Arts stream from DAV College, Jalandhar. He also acquired a Post Graduate Degree in history from Kurukshetra University, Haryana. He first learnt music under Pandit Chaganlal Sharma for two years in Sri Ganganagar. After which for another six years he trained under Ustad Jamaal Khan of Sainia Gharana, under whom he learnt all forms of Indian ClassicalMusic - Khayal, Thumri and Drupad. Jagjit Singh Ghazal is a form of Light Indian Classical music. They churn up a whole lot of emotions and is capable of tapping every sentiment with poise and grace. It is this art that Jagjit Singh mastered and specialized in. In 1965 he made his way to the city of dreams, 'Mumbai,' to realize his dreams and give the world a voice that would leave its mark for generations to come. He saw success after a long and hard struggle. He is a standing example for a fighter who shows us that success never comes easy and hard work never fails. He came in as a struggler and after the struggle, had India swooning to his voice. People only wanted more from him. His became the 'unforgettable voice.' Love happened to him during his struggling days. He met and fell in love with Chitra, (his wife now) another struggling singer from Bengal in 1965. Music brought them together. Jagjit started accompanying Chitra on her rounds to music directors, as both of them were strugglers in Mumbai. Both of them used to sing jingles for advertisements. Ghazals further brought them together. He gives the credit of him being a musician to Chitra. Jagjit and Chitra tied the knot in 1969, after which they started giving Ghazal performances together. The Jagjit-Chitra pair soon caught on. Jagjit Singh however brought out his first album, 'The Unforgettables in 1976. After this he brought out a good number of albums, some of which are Marasim, Echoes, Mirage and Insight. His repertoire includes the writings of Ghalib, Qateel Shifai, Sudarshan Fakeer and Nida Fazli. The duo brought out some memorable albums. However the sudden death of their only son, Vivek Singh, brought an end to Chitra's singing career. She hasn't sung since. 'Someone Somewhere' was the last album of Jagjit and Chitra together. Jagjit Singh has also played an active part in shaping the careers of Talat Aziz and Vinod Sehgal. He is always active in philanthropic activities like the Library at St.Mary's, Bombay Hospital, CRY, and ALMA, an organization whose focus is to adopt students for further education and development. He has also won several awards including the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1998 for popularising Ghalib. The Madhya Pradesh government honoured him with the Lata Mangeshkar Samman in 1998.

Thursday, April 12, 2007


It is named after Maharaja Ganga Singh and is a great agricultural and archaeological place. It was part of the Bikaner State before Independence. It was under the supervision of the 19 year old Maharaja Ganga Singh who after witnessing the miseries of the great 1899 famine, vowed to end starvation by building a canal in his State. The British pussyfooted, refusing water rights from the Sutlej river in Punjab. Ganga Sigh persevered and raised a loan of 15 million for his irrigation scheme. The Ganga Canal, begun in 1921, was completed in 1927. One of the longest concrete lined canals in the world, it has changed the desert's face around Ganganagar. Bumper crops of wheat, cotton, mustard and citrus fruit have generated industry and a building boom. Ganganagar has a large population of Sikhs and is a major military base. Sriganganagar city has a population of about 3.5 lakhs. It is 350 km from Delhi, 550 km from Jaipur, 325 km from Chandigarh and 170 km from Bikaner. It is well connected by railways and surface transport. The nearest airports are at Delhi, Jaipur and at Chandigarh. There are direct trains to Delhi, Jaipur, Chandigarh and Haridwar.The city has a good telecommunication system. Sriganganagar is well known as a very healthy place.


(gŭng´gänsymbolgsymbolr) , city (1991 pop. 161,482), Rajasthan state, NW India, on the Bikaner canal system, a major new irrigation project in the desert region bordering Pakistan. It is a district administrative center and a market for grain, oilseed, vegetables, sheep, and cattle. Since the 1970s the city has expanded as an agricultural distribution center.


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It is named after the Maharaja of Bikaner Maharaja Ganga Singh who established it. It is said that the Maharaja wanted a city based on the design of Paris to be established and hence the map of the Old Ganganagar city will give you a glimpse of the map of Paris. Economy It's a testimony to land transformation: Desert land was converted to a lush green town credited to the efforts of the Maharaja who bought the Rajasthan canal which carries the excess waters of Punjab and Himachal Pradesh to the region, making Ganganagar known as "the food basket of Rajasthan Agriculture Main crops of this area are cotton,wheat and mustard. One thing this area is very famous for is Kinnu (a citrus fruit / variant of orange). The primary cash crop in the area is Cotton, however the overall production has dropped considerably. This has been due to heliothis (also called the American sundy). A worm that has affected the cotton crops with serious repercussions to the farmers of the region. In addition, price of cotton has been stagnant for nearly a decade leading to economic difficulty in some areas. People There is something special about people of this area which you will notice immediately - simplicity. You might come across a big landlord but you will hardly find any attitude or show off tendency. As is the case with this whole region, here too you will find people dressed in white and very often, carrying a gun. Well, nobody knows how it started, but somebody wearing a white kurta-pajama(a long shirt and a trouser made of same cloth) is seen as a rich person. So every tom,dick and harry is dressed in white(too much opulance!). Most of the families in this area are descendents of earstwhile landlords so guns and horses are considered as a sign of power. Although there are so many firearms around, there are hardly any gunfights. That is because most of the people keep these things as a sign of pride rather than a means of muscle-wielding. So on a cold evening,if you see the people in next jeep(a utility vehicle) with guns and pistols, no need to panic. Ask them for the nearest eating outlet and no wonder if they offer you a cup of tee themselves. Geography Ganganagar is located at 29.92° N 73.88° E.[1] It has an average elevation of 164 metres (538 feet). Demographics As of 2001 India census,GRIndia Ganganagar had a population of 210,788. Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Ganganagar has an average literacy rate of 71%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 76%, and female literacy is 64%. In Ganganagar, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age. Educational Institutes The city has been a center of learning since its early ages. Many notable education institutes include: Schools: Sri Guru Nanak Khalsa Sen. Sec. School Bhopal Wala Arya Sen. Sec. School B.S.F Senior Secondary School Good Shepherd Public School Blooming Dales International School Bihani Children's Academy Invention Public School Guru Harkishan Public School Nosegay Public School Sacred Heart Convent School STAR CHILDREN ACADAMY 5 ADARSH COLONY COLLEGES Seth G.L.Bihani S.D.(P.G.) College Surendra Dental College Sri Guru Nanak Khalsa College Sri Guru Nanak Khalsa Law College Govt. Law College Maharshi Dayanand (PG) College Attractions This town is famous for its many farms and fields. Main attractions include Gol Bazaar, Sukharia Circle, and the Hindumal Kot Border(Indo-Pak). Retrieved from ""

Rajmata Sindhia in Sri ganganagar with Khariwal Family

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